What is Gau Tao festival? – Well, it’s one of a few traditional festivals that are still preserved and remained until today of H’Mong people in Sapa.

Gau Tao festival means “recreation place” in Hmong language or “jumping over mountain” in Quan Hoa dialect (also called Sai Sai festival). It’s also known as Hoa Son festival/period among H’mong people in China.

The role of Gau Tao festival

The Hmong believe that if a family want to have more children or to be healthy, they can go to Gau Tao hill to pray their ancestors to help them acquire what they want.

Gau Tao festival in Sapa

The villagers will choose a family they love to hold the festival. According to the customs, Gao Tao festival will be cohosted by 3 chosen families, either by blood or in-law. Normally, the festival is held in spring for 3 years in a row so that each family can take turn plant ‘neu’ tree and get luck from it in every festival.

Rituals in Gao Tao festival

It’s believed by the Mong that Gau Tao festival represents the life of the head of the family. The sunken area in front of the hill is considered bad luck in the past, and the higher areas behind the hill represents prosperity and good luck in the future.

Gau Tao festival in spring of H’mong people

Prepare for Gau Tao festival

Though Gao Tao festival is held in January of lunar calendar, everything has to be prepared since November of the previous year, especially these 2 rituals – cutting down and plant ‘neu’ tree.

neu-tree in-gau-tao-festival-of-mong-people-in-ha-giang
’Neu’ tree in Gao Tao festival of Mong people in Ha Giang

The head of the family has to prepare a full tray of food before chopping down a bamboo to plant ‘neu’ tree in order to conduct the rituals. The sorcerer (Tru Tao) will then sing songs to tell the gods the purpose of the festival and to find a good bamboo tree (selected in advance) for the rituals.

Lots of people gather in Gau Tao festival

The choses bamboo must be straight, in completely good condition, with same-sized internodes, about 10m height and with no flowers. The most important thing is that the top must face towards the east. When villagers see the tree, it means Gau Tao festival will be held that year. Villagers will spread the information and take time for training to win the games in the festival.

When is that held?

Gau Tao festival of H’mong people is held from 2nd to 4th of January (lunar year), depending on the age of the family head. After the rituals, the festival will officially begin. At first, a ‘singer’ in the family will sing a song to wish the whole family health, luck and success. After that, all people can join the singing and dances.

Gau Tao festival of Hmong people in Sapa

There are also many other games including ‘con’ throwing, lusheng dance, martial arts, bow shooting, etc. to show off their skills to their crushes. After 3 days, the host will announce the end of the festival before walking counter-clockwise around the tree and singing the song to lay it down.

The host will then give the family the root of that ‘neu’ tree to put on the bed, and a red cloth on the top of the bamboo to make clothes for their kids with hope of preventing illness and bad luck for the children.


With natural beauty of mountainous area in northwest Vietnam, Cat Cat has been one of the top tourist attractions in Sapa. Let’s see what we’ve got there.

Cát Cát village in Sapa – the most beautiful village in northwest Vietnam

Northwestern Sapa view from above

Cat Cat is the most popular attraction in Sapa district, just a few minutes of walking distance from Sapa, there is no need to hire a guide but your visit will be better if you have one. There is an entre fee of 40,000 VND (current price could be different, please check before your trip) and you will be able to see the local people living their simple life.

Here you can relieve all the stress from work and enjoy a purely natural environment and unique culture of the local.

Cat Cat village location

Cát Cát village is located in San Sa Ho commune, Sapa district, Lao Cai province, which is home to a large number of Hmong people. This is considered one of the top destinations in Sapa.

The village lies at the foot of Hoang Lien Son mountain range, in a valley with mountains on three sides, where the Hmong people live. With the natural landscape and beauty in Hmong culture of this place has created for Cat Cat a strange attraction for tourists to visit this village.

Anything interesting in Cat Cat village?

Refresh your soul with stunning view in Sapa

The village has nearly 80 houses along the brick-paved path, some ones on the mountain sides. Following some hundred steps to Cat Cat center, visitors are attracted by the beauty of Tien Sa, Gold, Silver streams and Cat Cat Waterfall where many tourists stop to take photograph on the Si or A Lu suspension bridges..

H’mong houses in Cat Cat village

Besides cultivating and breeding, they have maintained many traditional handicrafts, remarkably growing cotton, flax and clothing weave. Owing to looms, Mong women have made colorful weaved clothing with many patterns imitating trees, leafs, flowers and animals.

Innocent gestures of local children

Cat Cat village is famous with manipulating silver, copper or aluminum jewelry, one of traditional and long term handicraft, which has creates extremely sophisticated products. Visiting here, tourists can buy women jewelry such as necklace, arms, rings, etc., as souvenirs.

Primeval nature and unique traditions and cultures of Hmong people in Cat Cat village attract not only Vietnamese but also international tourists all the time.

The beauty of Cat Cat village in Sapa

Guests will also have the opportunity to learn about the unique dishes of Hmong ethnic group. Hmong people in Cat Cat have a wide range of dishes with unique and various ways of preparing such as corn wine, smoked meat, corn cake, “Thắng Cố”, etc.


Red Dao group and its close relationship with Hmong people

Scientific reports show that both Red Dao and Mong groups belong to the Hmong-Dao language group and both migrated from China before gradually separating in Vietnam. That’s the reason why these two ethnic groups have different cultures while they share their living environment. There’s a village in Sapa that shelters both these 2 groups. Let’s take a look.

Dao people in Sapa

Red Dao origin in sapa

Red Dao ethnic is the second largest group in Sapa, just only after H’Mong group. Their origin is from Yunnan Province, China but this hill tribe migrated to Vietnam starting from 13th century and they live mainly in Ta Phin, Thanh Kim, Suoi Thau, Trung Chai communes.

Red Dao people choose valley or mountain slope to grow maize, rice and cardamom. Traders come to Red Dao houses to buy agricultural products and then sell them for Chinese so the life of the Red Dao people improved quickly.

Colorful costumes of Red Dao women

The Red Dao often wear red hats, indigo long blouse over trousers with many red and white decorations at the collar, lap. The costume of the Red Dao is considered as the most beautiful costume in any Sapa market. Red Dao women also have a custom of shaving eyebrows and the upper part of the forehead to make them more beautiful. Red Dao people also have their own script based on ancient Chinese language word called “Nom” but only the elderly people can read, understand and write.

Dao people have a belief that dogs are their ancestors so they always respect dogs. In addition, they also have many special traditions such as if any family cook wine, this family has to put a leaf in front of house, to prevent strangers from coming into the house because they think that if a stranger come in, the wine will be burnt.

And in a family, if a woman gives birth, they also put a leaf in front of house, to prevent strangers because they are afraid that the new born child will cry a lot. Boys and girls should not take picture together before marriage.

Wedding of Red Dao people in Ta Phin village

Anually, they organize many special festivals on the first month of lunar year such as Fire dancing festival on the first and second day of the first month of lunar year, singing contest in Ta Phin, a small village of the Red Dao and H’Mong people, 12km from Sapa town.

This village is famous for unique style of brocades made by skillful hand of H’mong and Red Dao women.


Red Dao people’ wedding plays a significant role due to its religious as well as historical procedures.

Traditional procedures in Red Dao wedding

Procedures in the wedding of Red Dao people

The main ceremony will take place in the groom’s house. The bride’s family only prepare a simple party on the wedding day. Long ago, the wedding of Red Dao people usually lasted for 2 or 3 days. However, Red Dao wedding nowadays reduces the length down to 1 or 2 days with exactly the same procedures as before.

Before going to the groom’s house, the sorcerer conducts a ritual to inform the ancestors about the wedding by preparing offerings, which includes pig head, boiled chicken, red glutinous rice, alcohol and lamps. After that, the bride’s brother and sister-in-law put makeups on her and get her dressed for the wedding.

Wedding dress of a Red Dao bride

Wedding costumes of the bride is traditional costumes of the Dao, consisting of V-shape-collared, knee-lengthed dress with no buttons, and loose sleeves. Going along is a colorful “ao yem” (Eastern bra) with lots of decorations.

Besides, wedding costumes also includes a long conic-shaped head covering, a large embroidered cloth, along brocade belt and many other accessories are required.

Meaning of wedding costumes of the Red Dao

Special textures of Red Dao costumes

Traditional costumes of Red Dao people feature their close contact, their love and their respect to the nature, especially via textures on Red Dao women’s clothes. Most of the embroidered textures on Dao costumes are trees and other local plants, which express their wish to protect the forest, and human icons to express their unity or simply depict their daily life activities, such as dancing, rice pounding, etc.

Holding a Red Dao wedding

The delegation included the wedding bride Red Dao

When the bride’s party arrives at the groom’s home, there is a musical welcome with drums and horns. The bride and family prepare in the finest of clothes adorned with silver bells. A massive head dress is prepared and is dressed and draped with red wedding scarves. When she finally takes it off, it will be the first time the two young adults will see each for the first time.

Long ago, the wedding of Red Dao people usually lasted for 2 or 3 days. However, Red Dao wedding nowadays reduces the length down to 1 or 2 days with exactly the same procedures as before.

Preserve and develop folk music of Red Dao people

Red Dao dances during Tet holiday

With diverse and abundant cultures specially exposed in local festivals and holiday, it’s really important to preserve their traditional dances and folksongs when these cultural features are on the verge of being lost.


When visiting Sapa, tourists can not enjoy not only the delightful scenery, traditional festivals imbued with national identity, but also amazingly reviving herbal bath of Red Dao people. Made from longstanding types of herb in Sapa, this service of Red Dao people is a must to any tourist in this mountainous town.

Refresh yourself with herbal bath of the Red Dao

Herbal bath of Red Dao people in Sapa

Red Dao herbal water recipe is a traditional therapy. Many old villagers can read ancient books of the Dao, but no one knows exactly when this therapy was born. In Sapa, no matter it’s summer or winter time, Red Dao people usually make a big fokienia-tubs of boiled-herb water for the whole family to use.

How to make herbal water of the Red Dao

How to make herbal water of Red Dao people in Sapa

The number of ingredients in Red Dao herbal water can vary from 10 to 100, depending on the purpose of the users and how experienced the bath maker is. Nonetheless, there are some crucial types of herb, including “áp chúa dâu, quyền dòi mây, nẹ nậm & đìn gián, etc.

Accoring to local people’s guidance, wild fokienia wood, also known as “Pemou wood”, is believed to be the best material to make the tub used in herbal bath since Pemou wood aromatic essential oil will be extracted by hot water, making it a wonderful scent which may last for even a few days.

Relish herbal bath of Red Dao people

Based on the number of users, the amount of herbs used will be different. Normally, herbs is washed carefully and boiled for 3 hours until the water turns into red color with romantically typical scent. Then, it’s mixed with warm water at 2:98 ratio so that the water temperature before using will be about 35C degrees. Average time to take herbal bath is 30 minutes.

After having bath, when your pores open, men should take some tonic alcohol good for kidneys and women should drink docynia indica alcohol to improve their sexual ability. Furthermore, frequent use of this is also good for digestive system and skin care.

Positive effects of using Red Dao herbal bath

amazing-effects-of-using-red-dao- herbal-bath
Amazing effects of using Red Dao herbal bath

Herbal bath can help customers, with essential oil of local herbs, reduce negative effects of alcohol in the body, musculoskeletal pain, rheumatism and improve their health. Moreover, Sapa herbs can also a simple natural treatment for skin disease such as ulcer, acnes and psoriasis, etc.

For postpartum mother, herbal bath can help customers boost blood circulation and improve skin conditions. Normally, Dao women use herbal bath one week after giving birth, which recovers their health status and lets them work on farm short after that without any side effects or reproductive system diseases.


The Tay is the second largest ethnic group in Vietnam, after Kinh people, with some other local names including Pa di, Tho, Ngan, Phen, Thu Lao. Let’s see how amazing their culture is.

Tradition of Tày people

Traditional costume of the Tay

Most Tay people live along the valleys and the lower slopes of the mountains. The Tay people speak Tay language, among other Tai dialects, which are a branch of the Tai-Kadai language family. That’s why Tay people have a really close relationship with Zhuang people in China.

The Tay have a long history in Vietnam, according to research studies, perhaps as early as 500 BC. Thousands years of history had created a greatly special culture of the Tay, which is shown by their lifestyle, costumes and traditional dances.

Tay people’s lifestyle

Traditional stilt-house of Tay people

Tay people usually live in groups as villages of 20 households, even hundreds of households in some big communities. Houses are made of rare woods with tiled or thatched roof. Fences are made of wood or bamboo, which is also the main materials for the local to make their handicrafts, such as bamboo mat, extracting plant oil, textile or forging.

Most Tay families are nuclear families with 2 parents and kids, and the husband is the head of the family. A noticeable thing is that the parents are usually cousins, in fact. Nowadays, young people can date with anyone before getting married. Traditional marriage of Tay people includes these procedures: proposal, engagement, ‘seu tet’, meet and bring the bride to the groom’s home.

Trang phục của người dân tộc Tày với những nét hoa văn hấp dẫn

Tay perspective about death is also really special. They believe that man’s soul will live on heaven after death. If someone suddenly dies, they will have to be buried right in their current place. Dead children will be buried far from their house. Ancestor worship is a religious rite of the Tay.

They only clean and decorate their ancestral graves in April (‘thanh minh’) and do their worship rite in fullmoon and Tet holiday.

Traditional Tay costumes

Traditional costume of Tay women

Traditional costumes is considered the most typical feature of Tay culture. Tay costumes are made of cotton with indigo color and almost no decorations. Tay women wear short-sleeve 5-piece dresses with buttons along the right side, usually going with towels and belts, or a short shirt inside during festivals. Nowadays, women usually wear low-crotch long dresses or another similar type of Vietnamese traditional ao dai.

Men wear knee-length tunic with 5-piece style and high collar, low-crotch trousers and canvas shoes.

Traditional arts of Tay people

festival-art-performances-of the-tay
Festival art performances of the Tay

The Tay own a diverse culture system, especially art, with a huge number of poems, songs, folk tales, music, dances and humorous stories, etc. Some of the most common folk music are lullaby, wedding songs and ‘luon’ singing (including Sluong luon type, Then luon type and ‘nang hai’).

There are also some other types of singing such as “then” singing, also called ‘van ca’ singing used in funerals, ‘co lau’ songs in weddings and Long Tong festival.

Take your chance to explore these unique cultures of Tay people.


Long Tong festival, also known as Xuong Dong festival, is a typical event in Tay tradition. This is the biggest rainmaking ritual of the year of Tay people in Sapa.

Tay cultural features in Long Tong festival

Long Tong festival in Pjoo village

Long Tong festival is considered a religious event reflecting the desire of good weather and crops. It usually takes place in the biggest area with highst quality on the field.

A lot of research has bene done on this but there’s no evidence showing when this festival first appeared exactly. However, it could be assured that Long Tong festival was born with the establishment of the first Tay villages.

Put Tong festival of Dao people

Apart from Long Tong festival of the Tay, there are also many similar rainmaking rituals among ethnic groups in Sapa such as H’Mong’s Nao Song festival, Giay’s Roong Pooc festival, Dao’s Put Tong festival, etc. However, Long Tong festival is still the most remarkable one in Sapa.

Holding Long Tong festival

People pray for luck in Long Tong festival

Based on cultural and living conditions, the official days for holding Long Tong festival can vary from area to area. Normally, all families clean their houses and living area as well as prepare food for the guests on the day before the festival.

On the official day, each family prepare a meal, including some common dishes including chung cakes, giay cakes,  che lam (glutinous rice cake) and puffed rice cake, etc.

People pray for luck in Long Tong festival

Other than that, there are also a multicolored flower-shaped cake and 2 colorful fabric “con” balls, which are used by the sorcerers to pray for good weather and crops.

Activities in Long Tong festival

Con’ throwing in Long Tong festival

Like many other festivals in Sapa, ‘con’ throwing is one of the most essential activities in Long Tong festivals. In this activity, there is a 20-to-30-meter pole right in the middle of the main yard with a 50-cm-diameter circle on top. This circle has two sides, Nhat and Nguyet, which represent the Sun and the Moon respectively. Players are supposed to throw the ‘con’ inside the circle and go through the paper, which requires both strength and skillfulness.

Normally there should be at least one person throw the ‘con’ through the circle since it means, according to the local’s belief, a prosperous year is coming. Otherwise, they will be very disappointed.

Long Tong festival of the Tay

There’s also another way to play ‘con’ throwing, in which 2 teams of boys or girls will throw ‘con’ to each other. This is considered a more favorite way to play ‘con’ throwing for it’s a good way for young adults to express the love to their crushes.

In addition, there are many other games in the festival including lion dance, stilt walking, bamboo swings and martial arts, etc. All these activities are not only supposed to praise the sportsmanship of Tay people but also a good opportunity for young people to make friends. This is the day when men try to show off their strength and bravery to attract the women.


Xa Phó group (also known as Xá Phó, Phù Lá, Pu dang, Va Xơ Lao, Mú Dí Pạ, etc.) is an ethnic minority living in northern Vietnam and southern China. Xa Pho people in Vietnam are mainly found in Sapa (Lao Cai province) and some live in Lai Chau, Son La.

How Xa Pho traditions are preserved?

Xa Pho people nowadays and their traditional cultures

Xa Pho people speak Pu La language, which is part of Loloish branch of the Tibeto-Burman family (a member of Sino-Tibetan language family itself). It means Xa Pho is among few ethnic groups that have their own writing system. They live in various villages with about 5-10 households in each village.

The village partriarches, the village chiefs and the heads of family play a significant role in regulating public affairs. Their typical and colorful traditions are clearly exposed by their costumes and traditional dances.

Xa Pho costumes

Traditional costumes of Xa Pho people

Women usually wrap their hair around the heads as coverings. They also wear a square black indigo-dyed towel with beads in the middle and on each angles. The typical costume of the Xa Pho women are crop-tops in 5-piece form with square collar, divided ino 2 parts horizontally.

The upper part is fully embroidered in symmetrical designs. Instead of wearing trousers, Xa Pho people wear black skirts decorated sophisticatedly with red or white palm trees, zigzag, monkey palms or diamond patterns, etc. It makes the patterns more noticeable in black background and more aesthetic. Another interesting tradition of Xa Pho people is teeth blackening and eating betel with areca.

Men wear loose big-V-shaped collar and sleeveless shirt, which makes them feel more comfortable and working on farms. The typical jewelry of Xa Pho people are usually made of mountain snail shells and boar’s teeth.

Xa Pho dances

Xa Pho girls dancing

Xa Pho people, like other ethnic groups in Vietnam, also have their traditional dances passed from generation to generation. And each one of them show great respect and seriously preserve this cultural element.

Nowadays, daily life and public affairs of Xa Pho people are still clearly emphasized by various traditional dances including ‘khan’ dance, ‘xe chi’ dance, ‘hai’ dance, ‘luon’ dance, etc.

Giữ điệu múa cổ truyền dân tộc xá phó

The musical instrument accompanying the dance is called Ma Nhi, along with a rhythmic instrument using seeds. The women dance and beat the rhythm at the same time. Men and women have separate dances, seldom dancing together.

For performances, girls often wear the traditional skirt and shirt of indigo fabric which they have woven themselves. They embroider and decorate their clothes elaborately and beautifully.

These traditional dances are usually performed in special occasions such as national Tet holiday, Khui Xmo Tet, Mid-Autumn and some other ceremonies worshiping Forest God, Village God, River God, etc.


Traditionally, a wedding of Giay people will take place when 2 families have done the ceremonies namely betrothal ceremony (also “proposal”) and bargaining ceremony (re-proposal).

More about Giay people’s wedding

Wedding custom of the Giay

In these ceremonies, the two families, basically, discuss lifelong marriage of their children and choose “the day” of the wedding. After that, the groom’s family will send matchmakers to the bride’s house to inform the exact time they will meet the bride and bring her home.

Giay culture and costumes in the wedding

Giay people’s wedding ceremony has more procedures than most of other wedding cultures. To be more specific, the group of people going to the bride’s house must include the groom, groomsman, groom’s brother to walk the horse for the bride, 4 pi le artists, 2 girls and some others to bring the betrothal presents.

The bride’s family put pink powder on the face of the groom’s crew

In order to get into the bride’s house, the groom’s family have to remove the obstructions by call-and-response singing. First, they have to sing to have obstacles at the gate removed and get to the front of the bride’s house. Second, this traditional singing will help them remove the pink ribbon and thorny tree branches at the door. The groom’s family keep singing until everything on the table, including 2 small cups, 2 basins of water, 2 bottles of alcohol and 2 broomsticks, are put away. Now they can get inside.

The bride is carried by her sister-in-law at the wedding

Once they get inside, water will be splashed on their body and pink powder will be painted on their faces to express the hospitality of the bride’s family. Then, the young couple will pray their ancestors in front of the altar.
You may probably think the groom can now bring his spouse home. Well, not before they drink up a huge alcohol barrel and “struggle” with the whole bride’s family to bring the bride out.

After that, a strong woman of the groom’s family will bring the bride on her back. Now they can officially go home, of course, with the bride.


At the groom’s house, the sorcerer has been waiting to do all needed procedures to welcome a new member for the family. The young couple will then stand at the altar and pray their ancestors before get into their room to uncover the red veil of the bride.

As the wedding reception begins at the groom’s house, people start to sing happy songs to wish the new family a lifelong and happy marriage.

Groom’s sister brings the bride to the horse


The wedding culture of Giay people is so special, isn’t it? 

The groom uncovering the red veil of the bride

If you want to understand more about traditional cultures of Giay people and other ethnic groups, Sapa always welcome you to come and experience all these things on your own.


Located at an altitude of 1,500 to 1,650 meters in the mountainside of Lo Suay Tong, Sapa looks right down to the Ngoi Dum valley to the east and Muong Hoa valley to the southwest.

Overview of ethnic groups in Sapa

Most of the local peoples in Sapa are ethnic minorities, including H’Mong, Giay (Zay), Dao, etc., with different lifestyle, costumes and typical cultures.

H’Mong minority in Sapa

hmong -people-in-sapa
H’Mong people in Sapa

According to scientific reports and hystorical documents, the H’Mong people, also called Mieo or Mèo, immigrated to Vietnam approximately 300-100 years ago. They are classified, based on their cultures and languages, into different types namely White, Flower, Red, Black, Green H’Mong and Na Mieo (Water Mieo).

The Black Hmong is the most numerous community in Sapa making up about 53% of the population. They are called “Black Hmong” since their costumes are predominantly in black color. Specically, men usually wear black or indigo trousers, shirts, a long waistcoat and a small hat embroidered with traditional texture sometimes. Women wear black clothing, head coverings with a shiny black sleeveless waistcoat made of melted wax. Unlike other ethnic groups, Hmong women wear knee-length trousers instead of skirts.

H’Mong girls

Speaking of Mong culture in Sapa, Gau Tao festival should be on top of the list. It is held once a year within 1 to 15 of January (lunar dates) associated with belief in happiness (usually gender preference or related desire for their children) and health. In order to deliver their wishes, one person in the family has to bring a “nêu” tree to the festival and plant it on top of the hill, where the festival takes place. After that, family owners kneel down under the tree to pray their ancestors, with help of a shaman, to give all family members health and good harvest.

Then, all families gather in the main yard. The elderly drink and talk together, and kids play spinning top in a flat area. There are also many other games in the festival such as shooting with bows and crossbows, horse racing, Khen dancing, singing ‘gau plenh’ and love songs, etc. At the end of the festival, ‘neu’ tree will be taken down. The family will take the red cloth tied on the tree and bring it home with desire of getting blessed for life.

Dao minority in Sapa

Red Dao women in Sapa

Dao people, also called Man, Dong, Trai, Son Dau, etc., is the second largest ethnic group in Sapa. Amongst subgroups of Dao community, Red Dao people make up the majority with traditional costumes in red color. Men wear simple brocade clothing while women have more abundant ‘fashion’ variaties with traditional textures and red head coverings.

Dao people are famous for various colorful cultures. Research studies showed that among historical books, 60% were history books, religious and culture books. Literature books only took up 20% in total but their value was immeasurable.

Red Dao girls smiling

Apart from old written folk songs, many poems such as Han Bang, Dam Thanh, the poor Trang (doctoral level), Bat Nuong, Dang Nguyen Huyen story, Than Sat song, etc., were also discovered. Most of these poems tell readers about how hard it was for Dao ancestors to find a land to settle down in Sapa.

Dao people in Sapa also have a lot of special festivals, including Tet dancing festival and Love-exchange singing. Like Mong culture, these festivals are held to pray for good harvest, harmony amongst neighbors and health for family. Besides, this is also a good opportunity for people to come together to improve their unity and to find their partner.

Giay minority in Sapa

Giay (Zay) children playing

Giay people, also called Nhang, Dang, or Xa, etc., is a subgroup of Thai Tay group, taking up only 2% of the total population in Sapa. They live in groups of hundreds of households, making different small villages and inhabit around the foot of mountains or hills. For they live in the same areas with other groups like Tay, Thai, Nung, their culture is also affected by the other ones.

Giay costumes in Sapa are quite simple. Women wear ankle-length trousers in indigo color, embroidered brocade bag, long loose-sleeve blouse with hair wrapped around head. Men wear round collar shirt with buttons, trousers with wide waistband.


Roong Pooc festival of Giay people in Sapa puts an end to the whole relaxing lunar January and opens a new harvest. Plus, this festival is also the time for people to pray for good harvest, cattles and health for family members. This is considered a agricultural festival, which reflects some part of Giay history of Lingaism and Polytheism.

It’s originated from their hard-working life of Giay people themselves throughout hundreds of years, which has profound historical value, expressing spiritual community culture of Giay group in Sapa.