Red Dao people’ wedding plays a significant role due to its religious as well as historical procedures.
The main ceremony will take place in the groom’s house. The bride’s family only prepare a simple party on the wedding day. Long ago, the wedding of Red Dao people usually lasted for 2 or 3 days. However, Red Dao wedding nowadays reduces the length down to 1 or 2 days with exactly the same procedures as before.
Before going to the groom’s house, the sorcerer conducts a ritual to inform the ancestors about the wedding by preparing offerings, which includes pig head, boiled chicken, red glutinous rice, alcohol and lamps. After that, the bride’s brother and sister-in-law put makeups on her and get her dressed for the wedding.
Wedding costumes of the bride is traditional costumes of the Dao, consisting of V-shape-collared, knee-lengthed dress with no buttons, and loose sleeves. Going along is a colorful “ao yem” (Eastern bra) with lots of decorations.
Besides, wedding costumes also includes a long conic-shaped head covering, a large embroidered cloth, along brocade belt and many other accessories are required.
Meaning of wedding costumes of the Red Dao
Traditional costumes of Red Dao people feature their close contact, their love and their respect to the nature, especially via textures on Red Dao women’s clothes. Most of the embroidered textures on Dao costumes are trees and other local plants, which express their wish to protect the forest, and human icons to express their unity or simply depict their daily life activities, such as dancing, rice pounding, etc.
Holding a Red Dao wedding
When the bride’s party arrives at the groom’s home, there is a musical welcome with drums and horns. The bride and family prepare in the finest of clothes adorned with silver bells. A massive head dress is prepared and is dressed and draped with red wedding scarves. When she finally takes it off, it will be the first time the two young adults will see each for the first time.
Long ago, the wedding of Red Dao people usually lasted for 2 or 3 days. However, Red Dao wedding nowadays reduces the length down to 1 or 2 days with exactly the same procedures as before.
Preserve and develop folk music of Red Dao people
With diverse and abundant cultures specially exposed in local festivals and holiday, it’s really important to preserve their traditional dances and folksongs when these cultural features are on the verge of being lost.